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Services – Diets for Gastroenterological Medicine

Soft Diet

The purpose of this diet is to provide foods which are soft texture and moderately low in fiber.

This diet is often used as a transitional diet between the full liquid diet and the regular diet. It may be used for postoperative patients, those recovering from debilitating diseases, those who are unable to consume a regular diet, those with gastrointestinal problems, or those with poor dentition who are unable to tolerate a regular diet.

The soft diet varies from regular diet in texture and fiber content. Most raw fruits and vegetables, gas-forming foods, nuts, seeds and coarse breads and cereals are avoided.

The nutritional adequacy of this diet meets the 1989 Recommended Dietary Allowances for all nutrients when planned appropriately.

Food Guidelines

• Milk, Yogurt, and Cheese

Allowed: Milk (all types) eggnog, milkshakes, instant breakfast plain and flavored yogurt, mild flavored cheese, cream cheese, cottage cheese.
May be problematic: Cheerios with added herbs, seeds, spices, or nuts, yogurt with nuts or dried fruits.

• Meat and Substitutes

Allowed: Lean meats, poultry, fish and shellfish, eggs, creamy peanut butter, tofu.
May be problematic: Fried meats poultry, fish or shellfish, corned beef, chipped sausage, frankfurters, luncheon meats and other processed meats, dried beans and peas, crunchy peanut butter, all types of nuts.

• Potato or Substitute

Allowed: Mashed, boiled, creamed, or baked white or sweet potato, plain rice, pasta, noodles.
May be problematic: Fried potatoes, potato chips.

• Vegetables

Allowed: Tomato and mixed vegetables, juices, vegetables, rip avocados, tomatoes as tolerated.
May be problematic: Raw and fried lettuce and vegetables gas-producing. Vegetables, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, onions, leeks, cauliflower, cucumber, green peppers, rutabagas, turnips, sauerkraut.

• Fruits

Allowed: All fruit juices; canned or cooked apples (without skin), applesauce, apricots, cherries, fruit cocktail, figs, peaches, pears, purple plums, orange or grapefruit sections, fresh and ripe bananas, melons, grapes.
May be problematic: All others.

• Breads and Cereals

Allowed: White, refined wheat or light rye, enriched bread or rolls, cornbread or cornmeal, melba toast, rusk plain crackers, pancakes, waffles, biscuits, muffins, all cooked or ready to eat cereals except whole grain and bran, barley.
May be problematic: Whole grain breads, rolls or crackers with seeds, breads with nuts, raisins or dried fruits.

• Fat

Allowed: Margarine, butter, cooking fats and oils, mayonnaise, sour cream, cream and cream substitutes, gravy.
May be problematic: All others.

• Beverages

Allowed: All except alcoholic beverages.
May be problematic: Alcoholic beverages.

• Soups

Allowed: Any made with recommended meats and vegetables.
May be problematic: Those made with foods not recommended.

• Desserts

Allowed: Cakes, pies, cookies, puddings, gelatin, ice cream, sorbet, fruit ices, sherbet, and custards made with recommended foods.
May be problematic: All others.

• Sugars/Sweets

Allowed: Sugar, honey, sugar substitutes, jelly and seedless jams, clear hard candy, cocoa, chocolate, molasses, marshmallows.
May be problematic: All others.

• Seasonings

Allowed: Salt , pepper, mild flavorings and condiments as tolerated.
May be problematic: Strongly flavored seasonings and condiments (garlic, chili sauce, chili pepper, horseradish).

• Miscellaneous

May be problematic: Pickles, popcorn, nuts, coconuts, snack chips.

Sample Menu Soft Diet:

Breakfast

  • Orange juice – ½ cup
  • Rice Krispies – ¾ cup
  • White toast – 2 slices
  • Margarine – 2 teaspoons
  • Jelly – 2 teaspoons
  • 2% milk – 1 cup
  • Coffee

Lunch

  • Tomato soup – 1 cup
  • Turkey sandwich
  • bread – 2 slices
  • turkey – 2 oz
  • mayonnaise – 1 tablespoon
  • Angel food cake – 1 slice
  • Fruit cocktail – ½ cup
  • 2% milk – 1 cup

Dinner

  • Lean roast beef – 3oz
  • Parslied potatoes – ½ cup
  • Spinach – ½ cup cooked
  • Dinner roll – 1
  • Banana – 1 medium
  • Low-fat frozen
  • yogurt – ½ cup
  • 2% milk – 1 cup

Approximate Nutrient Analysis of Sample Menu – Soft Diet:

  • Calories: 2112
  • Protein: 101 g
  • Carbohydrates: 308 g
  • Dietary Fiber: 13 g
  • Total Fat: 57 g
  • Saturated Fat: 21 g
  • Monounsaturated Fat; 19 g
  • Polyunsaturated Fat; 11 g
  • Omega 3 Fatty Acids: 0.88 g
  • Omega 6 Fatty Acids: 10.3 g
  • Cholesterol: 196 mg
  • Vitamin A (total): 1514 RE
  • Vitamin A – carotenoid: 1016 RE
  • Vitamin D: 10 mcg
  • Vitamin E: 10 mg
  • Vitamin C: 162mg
  • Thiamin: 1.6 mg
  • Riboflavin: 3.0 mg
  • Niacin: 41 mg
  • Vitamin B6: 3.2 mg
  • Vitamin B12: 7.8 mg
  • Folate: 356 mg
  • Calcium: 1626 mg
  • Magnesium: 389 mg
  • Phosphorus: 1791 mg
  • Iron: 15 mg
  • Zinc 14.8 mg
  • Selenium: 91 mcg
  • Potassium: 4257 mg
  • Sodium: 3862 mg

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